Friday, July 21, 2006

Estimating Project Times and Costs

What is Project’s Estimation?

The project’s Estimation means: build the assumptions, conditions and situations of the amount of cost, time, and resource for our projects in the future. Base on those estimations, we not only can make decisions and measure our tasks, but also we can assess our management jobs with that project.

The information from the estimation help to build the project and forecast the contingencys can be happen when we apply that project. From that estimation we have good preparation for any situation in the future.

What are requirements for Project’s Estimators?

The Estimators Who must have knowledge and experience in that field to estimate the amounts of cost, resource and time similar with the real amounts.

Thursday, July 20, 2006

Benefits of Greenhouse

Benefits of Greenhouse:

*Reducing the farm operation’s cost: by
-Using effective fertilizer.
-Reducing labor cost.
-Cutting insecticide cost.
-Cutting weed-killer cost.
-Cutting anti-fungal and anti- transmitted disease cost.
*Friendly with environment: because of
-Reducing fertilizer abundant.
-Without using insecticide.
-Without using weed-killer.
-Using drainage system.
*Increasing productivity and quantity of agriculture’s product:
-Without destroying crops of insect and animals.
-Without remaining of insecticide in vegetables and fruits (security product).
- Providing an optimal indoor growing environment for plants.
*Reducing the risk in production: by controlling environment, insect, animal and epidemic.
* Hoar-frost protection too.
* Wind protection- This is really beneficial for young seedlings.
* Save money- harvest crops earlier in different seasons when prices are higher in stores.
* Controlled environment- including pollination control.
* The simple fun of it-to an enthusiastic gardener, greenhouses are also a garden toy. It's something to putter and play with.
* Keeps out animals- no more buffalos and goats munching on your favorite flower or vegetable.
* Keeps out insects- keeping the greenhouse closed will keep out harmful insects like squash vine borers. But note: it can also harbor insects that may sneak in while the greenhouse is left open.

Friday, July 14, 2006

Defining the Project

Defining the Project:
The projects are plans, which assemble activities of the organization to achieve the short term or long term missions of that organization. The good manager always looks for new projects to improve his or her company. Nowadays, the increase of competitors, high demand from consumers that make the entrepreneurs to develop continually for their existence.

The projects can help the organization improve their competitiveness by reducing the production cost, solving the problems occurs of the organization’s operation, structure and culture.

The projects usually are results and implements of creating and innovation. Those are new ideas in real life and its can apply to improve and change the situation of the company very quickly.

The projects do not always success; depend on their objectives, designers, managers, and the time to apply. Some of them have very good meaning but the manager haven’t enough knowledge and couldn’t finish on time or the company haven’t enough capacitive, performance to do it, finally the company was lost profit by that projects and also become bankrupt.
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS):
The work breakdown structure is the implement that help to describe the project. The WBS helps us understand clearly each components of the project and also help the manager calculate the recourse requirement and the assignments to compare with their performance.
The project manager they can manage many projects at the same time. The WBS very important to them, because they only read the WBS and then they can know and make decision base on the HR resource, machines, Finance, capacity, etc. If it convenient for the current situation, they will develop that project.

Thursday, July 13, 2006

The Project Scope

To maintain and develop our businesses, we are looking for the greenhouse business plan in Vietnam. Vietnam nowadays is becoming the potential market for the greenhouse business and agriculture equipment.
Greenhouse is an agriculture system. Providing an optimal indoor growing environment when the outside environment can be warmer and drier, or colder than what the crop plants require. The effectiveness of greenhouses to allow for environmental control is dependent on the component parts. The Hi-Technologies are applied in the greenhouse such as: Cool systems, Heat systems, Irrigation -Drainage systems, Fertilizer delivery system (put down fertilizer), Light control systems, Temperature analysis systems, Fertilizer analysis systems, Moisture analysis systems, Computer systems (automatically controlling systems), etc.
The greenhouses will be designed based on the characteristics of customer’s business operations, their farm’s size, and their investment. Our target customers are: Vegetable grower, Flower grower, young plant propagation, researchers, Education organizations, Universities, etc.
The benefits of our greenhouse: Reducing farm operation’s cost, friendly with environment, increasing productivity and quantity of agriculture’s product, reducing the risk in production, save money- harvest crops earlier in different seasons when prices are higher in stores, etc.
In my Greenhouse Business Plan, I am going to analysis about:
- Marketing plans, including: SWOT analysis, product- market analysis, competitor analysis, marketing strategy, pricing strategy.
- Management team.
- Operation plan.
- Finance plan.

Thursday, July 06, 2006

Agriculture Report

Poinsettia

In many colder northern countries, poinsettias are a sure sign that Christmas is near. Nearly all sales of this flowering plant come at wintertime. Yet the poinsettia is native to Central America and needs warm weather to grow.
Red poinsettias are the best known. But there are about one hundred different kinds, and they come in several colors.
Here is how the poinsettia became one of America’s most popular flowers:
In eighteen twenty-five, a man named Joel Roberts Poinsett was appointed the first United States minister to Mexico. Mister Poinsett was a diplomat, but he was also interested in plants. He brought back examples of a colorful plant to the United States.
The botanical name for the plant is Euphorbia pulcherrima. In Latin, that means “most beautiful euphorbia.” There are hundreds of members of the euphorbia family. Rubber trees, trees that produce castorand tung oil, and the cassava -- an important root crop -- are all members of this family.
Wild poinsettias can grow to four meters in size. They contain latex, like rubber trees.
The flowers of the poinsettia are very small. Around the flowers are colorful leaves called bracts. These make the plant popular.
In the nineteen twenties, Albert Ecke and his son Paul became interested in the poinsettia’s ability to flower in winter. Paul Ecke thought it would be good at Christmastime. The two started a farm near Encinitas, California.
At first Paul Ecke, and later his son, Paul Ecke Junior, grew large plants in fields. Then they sent them to growers by train. Growers could divide the large plants into cuttings, to raise smaller ones in greenhouses until the holidays.
In the nineteen sixties came poinsettias that grew best in containers. The Eckes started to sell cuttings from these new plants.
Today, five companies supply poinsettia cuttings for the world’s large growers. Three are European.
In the United States, there is Oglevee in Connellsville, Pennsylvania, and the Ecke Ranch in Encinitas, California. The Ecke Ranch supplies about seventy percent of the cuttings used in the United States, and about half of the world supply.Poinsettias are the most popular potted flowering plant in America, with sales last year of about two hundred fifty million dollars.
(From VOA)

Structure and Cultural of Organization

Last week, in my Project Management class, we discussed about structure and culture of organization. How we manage and design the structure of our organization and our projects. How we combine between the organization’s functions and projects.

Each project integrates with the organization’s department and contributions to their strategies. HR, Finance and others department, they share, delivery, transfer and combine their resources to the projects. They like a matrix and also like a chain with each chain are projects that are linked by the organization’s functions.

Those are the structure of the organization; we can compare the structure such as framework, body of the organization but culture is the soul, the spirit of them.
The people come to the projects and work with limited time, they have not enough time to understand their colleagues, their subordinates, and therefore the conflict was happened when they work together.

The culture’s problems are not only happen with the peoples come form different countries, religions, language, etc. but some time it occur within the peoples same country. The peoples who have high level in company, they bring their styles, behaviors, and experience to apply on their organization and make influence to the working culture at there.

The good project manager should understand their subordinates, their HR to separate and assign them to the right job with different projects. The effetely of the project only come with highest participation from normal workers to the technicians, if they have any conflict or some wrong behaviors, the outcome will come direct to the company’s benefit.
In class, my lecturer-Dr.Prapon had one example about the conflict between technicians in the construction company in Thailand, because they had different culture (western and Thai culture). The way to solve the problem very interest, they made the chance to their technicians to understand each other.

I will apply those strategies in my real life to improve my company’s situation, competitive and stronger in the future, because I know how to manage, combine the company’s resource, how to make employees cooperate with each other and work with high productivity.“The sheep farmer only success when he understands his sheep”

Saturday, July 01, 2006

Case Study "A Day in the Life Case study"

According to the case study, Rachel, the project manager of a large information systems project, she spent effective of time in her day, because she divided her work day into three times: first routine works, project times and second routine works.

*First routine works (from 7:40am to 10:00am): She spent for:
- Socializing and catching up on personal news: 10 minutes.
- Getting to her office and settling in (checking voice mail and turning on her computer): 10 minutes.
- Reviewing her schedule and “to do” lists for the day before responding to messages that require immediate attention: 15 minutes
- Going over project report and preparing for the weekly status meeting: 25 minutes
- Discussing the project with her boss: 20 minutes
- Project status meeting: 1 an hour
*Project’s working times: (from 10:00am to 05:05pm) used for:
- Reviewing project assignments with another project manger: 30 minutes
- Checking project status meeting and listening patiently for over 20 minutes
- Having lunch with Eddie who works in finance office and gossiping about internal politics: half an hour
- Returning to her office and going over problem: 30 minutes
- Exploring ways of getting necessary equipments to the project site earlier than planned: 30 minutes
- According to her schedule, she have participate in a conference call at 2:30pm, they spent 1 hour to exchange information about the technical requirements associated with a new version of a software package they are using on systems projects like hers.
- Discussing with Mary, a senior marketing manager and agreeing to talk to her people about what was promised and what was not promised: 50 minutes
- Reviewing the impact the client’s requests could have on the project schedule: 30 minutes.
*Second routine works (from 5:05am to 06:55am): She spent her times for:
- Updating to her boss on key events of the day: 20 minutes
- Reviewing e-mails and project documents: 30 minutes
- Logging on to the MS project schedule of her project and working with “what if” scenarios: 30 minutes
- Reviewing tomorrow’s schedule and writes some personal reminders before starting off on her 30-minutes commute home.

Conclusion:
This case show to me about spending time of a project manager. It is not only show how to use effective time in working day, but also show how to separate the limit time for routine works and flexible time for project.
It helped me distinguish between routine works and projects.